Do more kids go to hagwons or have private tutors in South Korea?
Definitely more kids go to hagwons. But the upper-middle class and the upper class do hire many private tutors even though hiring private tutors is more expensive than sending their kids to academy schools. Having private tutors is considered a premium but many Korean parents believe it is definitely an advantage over hagwons. They believe, and pray, that the "investment" will one day pay off. (Sometimes it does and sometimes it doesn't.)